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English Architecture - Summary of Periods and Styles

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Anglo-Saxon
c.600-1066
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Long-and-short quoins (the stonework on the corners)

Doorway and lesenes (vertical strips) Deeply splayed window Chancel arch
Breamore Church Corhampton Church Breamore Church Boarhunt


Norman
(Romanesque)
c.1066-1200
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Round-arched windows,
flat buttresses
 Corbel table Zigzags, beak heads, chain motif Square, scalloped capitals
Romsey Abbey Sempringham Church Iffley Church Romsey Abbey


Gothic -
Early English
c.1190-1250
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Tall, slim, pointed windows
(called lancets).
Protruding buttresses.
Plate tracery, i.e. hole piercing stone plate at head of window. Circular, moulded capitals.
Pointed, moulded arches.
Capitals with stiff-leaf and crockets
Salisbury Cathedral Salisbury Cathedral Salisbury Cathedral Winchester Cathedral


Gothic -
Geometric
c. 1250-1290
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Bar tracery of circles and foiled circles
Romsey Abbey


Gothic -
Decorated
c.1290-1350
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Intersecting tracery
(middle window)
C.1300
Reticulated tracery
Early 1300s
Flowing tracery
Early 1300s
Great Hale Church Swaton Church Heckington Church


Gothic -
Perpendicular
c.1330-1550
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Panel tracery:
Verticals to the top of the window, horizontal transoms
Castellated parapet Octagonal piers, hollow-chamfered arches
Winchester Cathedral Bruton Church Alton Church


Tudor
c.1485-1560
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Square-headed windows with uncusped arches Flattened arch of straight lines ending in curves Tudor brick chimneys
Micheldever Church Bruton Titchfield Abbey


Elizabethan and Jacobean
c.1560-1660
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Large straight-headed windows with stone mullions and transoms, gables, symmetrical facade Renaissance  motifs Dutch gables
(early 1600s)
Breamore House Burghley House Kew Palace


Baroque Period
c.1660-1760
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Cross windows with
leaded panes
(1600s)
Facade of Classical proportions without the columns (astylar). Sash windows introduced, divided up by glazing bars. Window frames flush with wall, projecting cornice, dormers in roof
(late1600s-early1700s)
Winchester Winchester Odiham

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Pediments
(triangular and segmental),
volutes, festoons,
stone quoins on red brick
(late1600s)
Columns, quoins, Venetian windows, balustrades with sculptures
Winchester College Grimsthorpe Castle


Georgian
c.1714-1830
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Brick churches. Round-arched windows Country houses with Classical Roman elements On houses, previously flush windows now inset. Parapet replaces roof overhang.
Avington Church Broadlands Bishops Waltham


Georgian Gothic ("Gothick")
c.1730-1780

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Pointed Gothic windows
with Georgian glazing bars
Hartland Abbey


Georgian -
Neo-Classical
c.1760-1830  
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Reverting from the Baroque to
cleaner, purer Classical lines
Pilasters and strips with Roman detailing
Kenwood House Kenwood House


Georgian -
Greek Revival
c.1800-1830
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Greek rather than Roman orders: Fluted columns, without bases
The Grange


Victorian
c.1837-1901
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East Stratton Church Goddards Highclere Castle
 

 

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