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Stonehenge 1          Stonehenge 2

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East - North - West

From Wiltshire by Nikolaus Pevsner Revised by Bridget Cherry (1975) Yale University Press, New Haven and London:
Stonehenge is probably the most celebrated prehistoric monument in Western Europe. ... Standing on a slight eminence, but clearly not chosen for its commanding position, the stones appear dwarfed against the background of rolling downland. Once within the great sarsen circle however the massive quality of the structure is immediately apparent. The weathering of the tooled surfaces and the mellow tones of the stones create an impression of permanence, and even the fallen uprights and trilithons, half buried beneath the turf, have the appearance of patterns and order. ... Its moods are as varied as our climate. 

The design is essentially composed of two circles enclosing two series of standing stones, each in the shape of a horseshoe.  The whole is surrounded by circular earthworks.  The construction took place in three main phases between roughly 3000BC and 1600BC, but the dates are constantly being reviewed following further studies.  

Map of structure

History of the construction 

Stonehenge is managed by
English Heritage
  (visitor information and description)


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